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The A1chieve study: a 60 000-person, global, prospective, observational study of basal, meal-time, and biphasic insulin analogs in daily clinical practice

Siddharth N. Shah a, León Litwak b, Jihad Haddad c, Praful N. Chakkarwar d * and Issam Hajjaji e

Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, Supplement 1, Volume 88, pages S11 - S16

Published online Dec-2010

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While evidenced-based guidelines promote glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) targets <7.0% in order to reduce the long-term risk of diabetic complications, many individuals with type 2 diabetes do not achieve these targets. Fear of hypoglycemia provides a major barrier to improving blood glucose control as a result of delayed insulin initiation and failure to appropriately titrate insulin following initiation. Modern insulin analogs were designed to achieve improved blood glucose control with similar hypoglycemic risk compared with non-analog insulins (or similar blood glucose control with reduced hypoglycemic risk). While this has been demonstrated in randomized controlled trials, there is a need to confirm these findings in an everyday clinical setting. The A1chieve study will evaluate adverse events and effectiveness of premix (biphasic insulin aspart 30 [NovoMix 30]), basal (insulin detemir [Levemir]), and meal-time (insulin aspart [NovoRapid]) insulin analogs in people with type 2 diabetes in near-routine clinical practice. A1chieve is an international, prospective, multi-center, open-label, non-interventional, 24-week study of people with type 2 diabetes using an insulin analog. The study will recruit 60 000 people from 30 countries across four continents (Asia, Africa, South America, and Europe). The primary aim of the study is to assess the adverse event profile of the study insulins in routine clinical practice, including rates of hypoglycemia. In addition, effectiveness (HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose, and postprandial plasma glucose) and patient quality of life outcomes will be measured. Comprehensive epidemiological data will be collected at baseline, including recent plasma glucose results and hypoglycemic episodes, prevalence of diabetes-related complications, and measures of current standards of care. Thus, A1chieve should provide important information about how insulin analogs perform in daily clinical practice.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, Observational study, A1chieve, Insulin.

Article Outline


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a Department of Endocrinology, S.L. Raheja Hospital, Mumbai, India

b Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina

c Endocrinology Section, Bader Medical Complex, Amman, Jordan

d Novo Nordisk Region International Operations A/S, Zurich, Switzerland

e National Centre for Diabetes & Endocrinology, Tripoli, Libya

* Correspondence to: Dr. Praful N. Chakkarwar, Novo Nordisk Region International Operations A/S, Andreasstrasse 15, Zurich, Oerlikon CH-8050, Switzerland

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