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Switching from biphasic human insulin to biphasic insulin aspart 30 in type 2 diabetes: Results from the ASEAN subgroup of the A1chieve study

Zanariah Hussein, Mary Anne Lim-Abrahan, Anand B. Jain, Su Yen Goh and Pradana Soewondo

Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, pages S24 - S29

Published online Aug-2013


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Abstract

Aim

To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of biphasic insulin aspart 30 (BIAsp 30) in ASEAN type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients switched from biphasic human insulin (BHI) in the non-interventional 24-week A1chieve study.

Methods

Indonesian, Malaysian, Filipino and Singaporean patients switched from BHI to BIAsp 30 at their physicians’ discretion were included. The incidence of serious adverse drug reactions (SADRs), including major hypoglycaemia was the primary endpoint. Changes in hypoglycaemia, glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial plasma glucose (PPPG), lipids, body weight and systolic blood pressure were also evaluated. Quality of life (QoL) was measured using the EQ-5D questionnaire.

Results

For the 465 patients included (mean±SD age: 56±10.3 years, diabetes duration: 9.7±7.1 years, baseline HbA1c: 9.4±1.8%), the mean pre-study BHI dose was 0.62±0.28 IU/kg and 63.4% were dosing BHI twice daily (bid). The mean baseline BIAsp 30 dose was 0.65±0.27U/kg, titrated up to 0.71±0.28U/kg over 24 weeks, and most patients continued bid dosing. No SADRs or major hypoglycaemic episodes were reported. The proportion of patients reporting overall hypoglycaemia decreased significantly from 10.8% at baseline to 3.4% at Week 24 (p < 0.0001). Significant improvements in glycaemic control were noted (HbA1c: –1.4±1.7%, FPG: –56.7±72.5 mg/dL, post-breakfast PPPG: –84.8±82.8 mg/dL, p < 0.001). Mean QoL improved by +6.6±14.6 points (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

BIAsp 30 was well-tolerated and significantly increased glycaemic control in this ASEAN subgroup poorly controlled on BHI.

Keywords: Biphasic insulin aspart, Biphasic human insulin, ASEAN, Type 2 diabetes.


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