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Safety and effectiveness of insulin analogues in Moroccan patients with type 2 diabetes: a sub-analysis of the A1chieve study

Abdelmjid Chraibi, Farida Ajdi, Jamal Belkhadir, Naoual El Ansari, Fatima Marouan and Ahmed Farouqi

Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, pages S27 - S36

Published online Aug-2013


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Abstract

Aim

To determine the safety and effectiveness of insulin analogues in the Moroccan cohort of the prospective, multinational, non-interventional, 24-week A1chieve study.

Methods

Moroccan patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) starting biphasic insulin aspart 30, insulin detemir, and insulin aspart alone or in combination were included. The primary outcome was the evaluation of serious adverse drug reactions including major hypoglycaemic events. Secondary outcomes were changes in hypoglycaemic events, glycaemic parameters (HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose [FPG], postprandial plasma glucose [PPPG]), systolic blood pressure (SBP), body weight and lipid profile. Quality of life (QoL) was evaluated using the EQ-5D questionnaire.

Results

In this analysis, 1641 patients (923 insulin-naive, 718 insulin-experienced) having a mean age 57.1 years, mean BMI 26.8 kg/m2 and mean diabetes duration 10.3 years, were included. Baseline HbA1c in the entire cohort was poor (9.7%, 83 mmol/mol). Insulin analogues statistically significantly improved glucose control (HbA1c, FPG and PPPG, p < 0.001) at Week 24. The rate of hypoglycaemia decreased from 9.31 to 4.71 events/patient-year (change in proportion of patients affected, p = 0.0002). A statistically significant improvement in lipid parameters (except HDL cholesterol) was observed while body weight changed minimally. Additionally, QoL was positively impacted (mean change in visual analogue scores from EQ-5D was 15.8 points, p < 0.001).

Conclusions

Insulin analogue therapy resulted in improved glycaemic control and a significant overall decrease in hypoglycaemia in Moroccan T2D patients.

Keywords: Morocco, Type 2 diabetes, Insulin analogues, A1chieve study.


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